What NHRIs do
Complaints handling and investigation
Manual - Undertaking effective investigations
Requirements for an effective investigations team
Identifying issues and deciding whether to investigate
Planning an investigation
Setting up the interview
Organising the interview
Interviewing individuals who fall into a special category
Six principles for effective interviewing
Collecting physical evidence
Visiting a scene and collecting evidence
Writing an effective investigation report
Mainstreaming gender in NHRI investigations
Conducting Virtual Investigations
Conducting investigative interviews virtually
Mendez Principles on Effective Interviewing for Investigations
Engage with the international human rights framework
How NHRIs work
Sub-Committee on Accreditation (SCA)
SCA Rules of Procedure
Statement of Compliance (SOC) Template
SCA Procedure for Challenge Before the Bureau
SCA Practice Note 1 - Deferrals
SCA Practice Note 4 - NHRIs in Transition
SCA Practice Note 2 - Special Reviews
SCA Practice Note 5 - Sources of information to assess the performance of NHRIs
SCA Practice Note 3 - Assessing the Performance of NHRIs
A practical guide to the work of the SCA
Gender disaggregated data
Mental Health for NHRI Staff
Human rights issues
Human Rights Defenders (HRDs)
Women Human Rights Defenders (WHRDs)
Women Human Rights Defenders protection approaches
Global Report on the Situation of Women Human Rights Defenders
Establishing HRD focal point staff at NHRIs
Protection of Human Rights Defenders: Best practice and lessons learned
Report violations to the international human rights machinery on HRDs
NHRIs and the Protection of HRDs: Insights from Indonesia and Thailand
Secure management of information from HRDs
Monitoring the situation of HRDs: Case study from Kenya
NHRI reprisals as HRDs
Mongolia: Human Rights Defenders Law
The Situation Of Human Rights Defenders Working To Address Violence Based On Sexual Orientation And Gender Identity In Kenya
The Marrakech Declaration
The APF Regional Action Plan on Human Rights Defenders
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders 2019
Front Line Defenders 2020 Global Analysis
Operational Guidelines - Regional Action Plan on Human Rights Defenders (RAP)
NHRIs are HRDs
What is an Early Warning System (EWS) for HRDs?
Defining Human Rights Focal Points
Model law on Human Rights Defenders
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders 2016
Countering narratives against HRDs
UN declaration on Human Rights Defenders (HRDs)
Business and Human Rights (BHR)
Emergency measures and COVID 19 - guidance document
The human rights dimensions of COVID-19
COVID-19 and NHRIs study
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
Guiding principles on internal displacement
Handbook for the Protection of Internally Displaced Persons
The Pinheiro Principles
Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Expression and Sex Characteristics (SOGIESC)
Understanding sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics
Being L, G and B in Asia Pacific
Being transgender in Asia Pacific
Being intersex in Asia Pacific
International and regional developments in human rights law
The Yogyakarta Principles
The APF’s response to the Yogyakarta Principles
What more NHRIs can do
COVID-19 & LBGTI people
The right to a healthy environment
Intergovernmental mechanisms project (IGM)
Fact Sheet Series - Engaging with IGMs on the right to a healthy environment and climate change
IGM Fact Sheet 1 - NHRIs: Trusted partners for change
IGM Fact Sheet 2 - Introducing the right to a healthy environment
IGM Fact Sheet 3 - ASEAN and human rights
IGM Fact Sheet 4 - The Pacific Islands Forum
IGM Fact Sheet 5 - Climate change and human rights
IGM Fact Sheet 6 - The Sustainable Development Goals and Human Rights
Introducing the Intergovernmental Mechanisms Project
IGM Project - Baseline Assessment
NHRI engagement with regional mechanisms
NHRIs and environmental rights course
The human right to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment - HRC resolution
The Framework Principles on Human Rights and the Environment
How are human rights impacted by climate change?
The Aarhus Convention
The UN Special Rapportuer on the Right to a Healthy Environment
The Human Rights to Healthy Environment in Southeast Asia: National Human Rights Institutions
Escazú Regional Agreement
Human rights and climate change
Compendium of actions to address climate change and protect human rights
GANHRI Statement - Climate Change: The role of National Human Rights Institutions
Addressing Climate Change – UN Special Procedures
NHRI COP26 Symposium
Practical Guidance for NHRIs on Climate Change
Climate change and Human Rights: Contributions from NHRIs
Climate mobility and displacement
NHRIs in Humanitarian action
International Humanitarian Law (IHL)
Humanitarian action definition and terms
Human Rights Based Approach to disaster management in New Zealand
CHR Philippines and Typhoon Yolanda
Integrating humanitarian action into general operations - Philippines Commission on Human Rights (CHR)
Gender considerations in humanitarian action
The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC)
IASC Operational Guidelines on Protection of Persons in Natural Disasters
The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC)
IASC Guidelines on the inclusion of persons with disabilities in humanitarian action
Vulernable groups in humanitarian emergencies
Humanitarian principles and standards
- All Categories
- Human rights issues
- The right to a healthy environment
- Intergovernmental mechanisms project (IGM)
- Fact Sheet Series - Engaging with IGMs on the right to a healthy environment and climate change
- IGM Fact Sheet 6 - The Sustainable Development Goals and Human Rights
Updated by Faso Aishath
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by the United Nations in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that by 2030 all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
There are 17 goals that cut across disciplines, sectors and institutional mandates, recognising the complex nature of the challenges humanity faces and the integrated actions that must be taken in response.
‘Leave no one behind’ is the central promise of the SDGs. It is a commitment by all UN Member States to eradicate poverty, end discrimination and exclusion, and reduce the inequalities that undermine the potential of individuals and of humanity as a whole.
The SDGs recognise that ending poverty must be accompanied by strategies to build economic growth and promote access to health, education, social protection and job opportunities, while taking action on climate change and environmental protection. The SDGs are unique in calling for action by all countries - rich, poor and middle-income – to promote prosperity while protecting the planet.
Tracking progress for change
Each SDG goal includes a set of sub-targets and indicators. Taken together, this is known as the global indicator framework and is used to assess progress and ensure accountability. The global indicator framework for the SDGs includes 230 indicators, which are used to monitor progress against 169 targets.
Mutually reinforcing human rights
The SDGs and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development are based on the principles of participation, inclusion, transparency and accountability, which are also key human rights principles.
The SDGs are also linked to human rights standards in very practical ways. More than 90% of the 169 SDG targets are embedded in human rights treaties. It means that without progress to implement these human rights treaties, 90% of SDG targets cannot be realised.
This linkage creates opportunities to develop integrated approaches for implementing and monitoring progress on the SDGs and human rights, across a range of shared social, economic and environmental priorities.
In relation to the right to a healthy environment, specifically, there are close links with:
Implementing the SDGs is essential to achieve environmental outcomes that best support the survival of humanity and our planet’s rich biodiversity.
“We are determined to protect the planet from degradation, including through sustainable consumption and production, sustainably managing its natural resources and taking urgent action on climate change, so that it can support the needs of the present and future generations.”
Preamble to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
NHRIs: Crucial partners for monitoring and implementation
Given their unique mandate and role, national human rights institutions (NHRIs) can play a vital role in the implementation and follow-up of the SDGs and the 2030 Agenda.
Their independent monitoring mandate allows NHRIs to act as both watchdog and advisor to promote progress on realising the human rights outcomes embedded in the SDGs.
Indeed, the important role of NHRIs, their establishment and operation in compliance with the Paris Principles is specifically noted in the SDGs.
Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
· Target 16.a: Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime.
· Indicator 16.a.1: Existence of independent national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles.
In relation to the right to a healthy environment, NHRIs can support the SDGs goals and targets by:
· Monitoring progress at the local, national, regional and international levels, including by building on existing human rights reporting and monitoring mechanisms.
· Assisting in the development of national indicators and sound data collection systems, including by providing advice and expertise on a human rights-based approach to data collection.
· Promoting transparent and inclusive processes for participation and consultation in the development of national strategies, especially for marginalised communities, and by collaborating with civil society and other actors.
· Supporting capacity-building and sharing of experiences on a human rights-based approach to the SDGs.
The Mérida Declaration was adopted by NHRIs at the 12th International Conference of the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions in 2015.
The Declaration reaffirms the mutually reinforcing nature of SDGs and human rights and emphasises that “NHRIs in all regions are already addressing issues of crucial importance to the  Agenda in their regular work”.
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